Q2 Was Maunder minimum effect European. A: Probably stronger in Europe. 1863/4 was coldest. Two years later v warm. What is probability that we go into a minimum and co2 stops us starving.
Q1 Shapiro paper discussed. Not sure I understand this!
In warming world Europe could get cooler
Could have Maunder minimum conditions soon
Global responses to forcings from Lean and Rind - discussion of solar in Eurasia. Blocking events. \do these have solar dependence? 8% decrease when solar output high
Can explain with caveats warming in terms of el nino, co2 and other anthropogenic and solar
But changes in sun since 1985 don't match temp rise - in wrong direction
TSI not enough to explain observed warming
Lockwood says Svensmark's ideas are beautiful and clever but effect may be slow and limited to clean maritime air